The state government of each state of India has formed special departments called Municipal corporations or Nagar nigam. Nagar nigam is the authorized department of government, which is responsible for a city’s improvement having a population that crosses one million. The increase in the urbanization and in population of many Indian cities leads to a requirement of local body of government, which works for availing the basic community services as property and housing tax, educational institutes and health centers.
As the services like health centers are one of the most essential requirement of citizens, the nagar nigam provides the government run Municipal hospitals and maternity centers. Maternity centers are established to reduce the death rate of infants during the time of birth. According to the current rules of Indian government, basic education is the basic right of every child; the municipal corporations of different cities have open many primary schools for children. Moreover, the midday meal scheme run by the nagar nigam provides food to the children. The facility of midday meal attracts many children and helps the government in completing the target of 100% literacy in all the cities and villages of India. The house tax department of municipal corporations helps the local people to submit the house taxes under a single roof. The house tax department in many cities is launching their websites. The websites of the house tax department or the website of the municipal corporations provides all the basic information and eases a lot of work, as it is possible to pay the house tax through credit cards via the website of the department. The website also offers the guidelines to use the website in an efficient manner. The nagar nigam of a city is also responsible for the hygiene of the city. The disposal of garbage and maintain the sewage channel in the city is one of the basic functions of the Nagar nigam of any city.
System of Panchyati Raj deals with the small towns and villages of city/districts, in availing the basic services. Municipal Corporations were created under the Panchayati Raj 1835 Act of Corporations. The elections for the municipal corporations are scheduled after every five years and the local people choose the candidate(s). The four metropolitan Indian cities – Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai have the largest municipal corporations. These cities are the commercial and administrative centers of India. These are the four highly populated cities of India. The nagar nigam of these four cities are working in an efficient way and are providing a number of services to the people.
Municipal hierarchy in india